Adobe After Effects Interview Questions and Answers

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Adobe After Effects Interview Questions
Adobe After Effects interview questions and answers most asked at top companies. These Adobe After Effects questions are for both experienced & fresher candidates.

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#Adobe After Effects Interview Questions and Answers

Adobe After Effects Interview Questions and Answers

What is Adobe Photoshop?

It is software developed by Adobe to create and edit images and logos. By adobe photoshop adjustment and modification can be done.

How you can re-size the image in Photoshop?

To resize the image in Photoshop you have to go into menu bar, under menu bar you will find an option “Image Size”. On clicking that option, it will open a dialog box, by which you can adjust the size of the image.

What is a Gradient in Adobe Photoshop?

Gradients are a great way to introduce eye-catching and flashy graphics in your pages.

What are the Photoshop’s work areas?

The Photoshop’s work area includes Application Bar, Option Bar, Panel Dock and Tools panel.

In Adobe Photoshop how you can print the grid?

First of all you have to place the non-printing grid in a manner you want the print, and then take a screen shot.  Now, you have to open a new file and paste your screen shot image on it. Once done, you can crop the background of the Photoshop window except the image with the grid. The image is ready for print.

What is resizing images and what are the parameters to change the size of the picture?

To suit a particular purpose of the application resizing of the images is done.

The parameters to change the size of image are:

  • Type of image or picture
  • Size of pixels
  • Background resolution
In Photoshop, what is a smart object?

In Photoshop CS2 and above, it has a special layer known as Smart Object Layer.  Smart objects give freedom to work with multiple copies of a single object. All the multiple copies will be updated simultaneously when single object is updated. Also, changes in the adjustment of layers and layer styles of a single object can be done without affecting the multiple copies. Without any loss in pixel, pixel based objects can be changed several times.

How do you organize layers in Photoshop?

A layers shows a picture or image. To organize layers in Photoshop, place various images in separate layers. Lock the unused layers and unlock the layers which are in use. When two or more layers need to be changed, unlock the layers.

How you can unlock the background in Photoshop?

To unlock the background image, first click on the picture or image and then select MODE option.  After that, select the option GRAY SCALE and revert to LAYER. When you double click on the surface, the surface will be unlocked.

How do you select an exact color to match?

To sample the color as foreground color, we use the eye-dropper tool.   Select the foreground color square, use the paint bucket tool or brush tool for covering the area. You can also use Clone Stamp Tool.  Now use the key Alt+ and click where you want the color from and hold down the mouse button to cover up the area.

What is the difference between PSB (Photoshop Big) and PSD (Photoshop Document)?

They both are file formats to store digital images.  There is very less difference between PSB and PSD, what they differ is how they are stored and used.  PSD is a default extension for Photoshop files and it can support the file size of 30,000 by 30,000 pixels. While for creating big documents or large image .psb file format is used, and it can save an image size upto 300,000 by 300,000 pixels.

What is healing tool?

Healing tool is used in Photoshop to hide the unwanted spots or pictures that appeared in your original picture and makes picture look like real without any changes.  The tool use complicated algorithm to calculate what would be the area of your picture based on the surrounding pixels.

Can you use bamboo tablet in Photoshop?

Yes, you can use bamboo tablet in Photoshop.  After installing the bamboo tablet software, open the software. Once done, the next step is to configure the four hotkeys of Bamboo tablet with the help of the software available in tablet. Create a new document and open the Photoshop, you can now have Photoshop with a bamboo tablet.

How can you reduce noise in an image?

Reduce noise option is helpful to reduce the color and luminance effect in the image. To reduce the noise in an image, you have to go in a menu bar, select a filter menu, and in that you will see an option for NOISE. Again, clicking on it, it will show other option including reducing noise.

How to create an artistic border?

To create an artistic border, you must select an image. After that, add a layer mask in a layer pallet then select filter-> brush strokes-> sprayed strokes.

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What is a Gaussian blur?

Gaussian blur is a tool that blurs the edges of the image to make it more real and adaptive to the surrounding. Often it is believed that Gaussian blur can only blurs the image, but if it is used cleverly it will not blurs the image but enhance the appearance.

What are swatches palettes?

Photoshop provides two palettes for selecting color, a) Swatch Palettes  b) Color Palettes.  Some specific colors can be used without remembering the numeric color values. Also, colors can be extracted from an available image. Default swatches and custom swatches are also an additional option for the users.

What are Lasso tools and name them?

With lasso tools precise area of an image can be selected, just by tracing the selection outlines the areas are selected.

  • Simple Lasso Tool
  • Polygonal Lasso Tool
  • Magnetic Lasso Tool

Read Adobe illustrator Interview Questions and Answers

With the help of spin software how you can make 3D sphere?

To make 3D sphere, select blur from filter menu and click on radial blur.  Select spin option in the blur method section, you can increase or decrease the amount of spin by dragging the slider.

How to create a transparent background in Photoshop?

To create a transparent image you need to follows three steps:

  • First go to ‘Select’ option and select the background, and then click on ‘Inverse’. This will select your main picture.
  • Open a new file, select option ‘ Transparent’ under content, and you will have a file with transparent background.
  • Copy your main picture and paste it to new file you created.
What is Clone tool?

Clone tool uses the current brush to repair the problem areas in photos and pictures, by painting over them with pixel data from other areas.

How you fix the blurry images in Photoshop?

To fix the blurry images in Photoshop you can use sharpening tools. Sharpening the image will lose the pixels, make sure you are finished with everything else and saved the changes before you start sharpening the image.

What tool you can use to combine images?

You can use Auto-blend layers command to combine images. Auto-blend layers uses layer masks as needed to mask-out over underexposed areas.

What is a Bezier curve?

It is a mathematically defined curve used in two-dimensional graphic applications. It is defined by four points, the initial position, two middle point positions and a terminating position.

How does Red Eye tool works?

Red eye tool is a type of a repairing tool. When you circle any problematic area with red eye tool, the Photoshop will automatically identity that area and will replace it by dark-gray pixels.

What is PostScript and showpage command?

PostScript is a page description language developed by Adobe Systems. It is a language for printing documents on laser printer, but it can also be used to produce images on other types of devices.

Showpage command transfers the contents of the current page to the current output device.

The main function of showpage is

• It executes the endpage procedure in the page device dictionary
• Executes the function equivalent of an initgraphics operation, reinitializing the graphics state for the next page
• In page device dictionary, it executes the beginpage
• If the Boolean result returned by the EndPage process is true, transmits the contents of the page to the current output device and performs the equivalent of an erasepage operation, clearing the contents in preparation for the next page.

What is the meaning of a Path?

A path can be defined as a collection of possibly disconnected, lines and areas describing the image. In simple words, it is a collection of curves and line segments arranged on the page. A path cannot be drawn by itself, but after it is specified it can be stroked (lines) or filled (places) making the proper marks.

What is Photoshop lightroom?

Photoshop light room is a software designed for photographer to make post-processing work easy after photography.

Key features in Light room  are

  • PNG Support
  • Full Screen Mode
  • User Configurable Grid Overlays
  • Windows HiDPI Support
How you can import photographs in Lightroom from hard-drives?

When you start lightroom, it automatically ready itself for immediate import as soon as you connect an external storage device to your computer. But it fails then you have to follow the steps below.

  • First select the source to import images file form
  • Second step includes selecting files which one you want to import
  • Once you select the files, you have to specify the method of import for example like Copy as DNG, Copy, Move , Add etc.
  • The last step is to choose the destination to copy files to, file handling options and meta-data setting. This step is little longer than other steps as it includes other steps like file handling, file re-naming, apply during import etc.
How you can create a Diptych?

To create a Diptych

  • Go to “Print” module under the main menu
  • Under layout style select Custom Package
  • Now under Rulers, Grids and Guides , check and uncheck the options as per your requirement like page grid, rulers, image cells, dimensions etc.
  • After that adjust other settings like file resolution, custom file dimensions, JPEG Quality
  • Now you can drag and drop the images on your film strip onto the blank page and arrange them
  • When done, choose print to file to export your diptych
How you can create the HDR effects in lightroom?

In order to give an HDR effect to photo in light room,

  • You have to open the develop module of Lightroom
  • First step is to choose tone base
  • The tone base will hightlight various settings like shadows, whites and blacks, constrast, clarity, saturation etc. It will set the foundation for the faux HDR effect
What color is considered to be blown out?

Any colour whose number exceeds 240 in light room is considered as blown out color.

How you can fix blown out colors in light room?

To fix the blown out colors in light room, you have to go to local adjustment brush option in lightroom and you can adjust your color. Either you can reduce the effect of color or either you can balance the effect of color by increasing the proportion of the opposite color.

How you can create a Grainy matte effect in Lightroom?

To create a Grainy matte effect in lightroom , you have to

  • Go to “basic” section of the develop module
  • Make changes like shadows, clarity or saturation if it requires
  • Now go to the “split toning” section in the develop module and make the adjustment to Hue, saturation, balance, hightlight etc.
  • And at the last we have to add grain, you can adjust the option like Amount, Size and Roughness
What is the short cut to e-mails photos directly from lightroom?

To e-mail photos directly from the lightroom short cut is

Press:  Command+Shift+M(MAC) / Control+shift+M ( displays the options to e-mail photos in lightroom)

How smart collection in lightroom is useful?

Smart collection in light room is useful in

  • Finding specific file types
  • Smart collections to mark best images and can set up additional criteria
  • Smart collections for Aspect Ratio- which means you can see your image in different formats like landscape, portrait and square

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Why filename template is important in light room?

File name template is important in light room because with the file name template you can save lot of information about the image like meta-data of that image, equipment, date, equipment etc. Apart from that, you can also include a custom text field.

Explain where you can use file name templates?

File name templates can be used whenever you choose to rename files.

How you can assign a keywords in Lightroom?

Lightroom provides the feature to assign keywords to your image.  In order to do that

  • Select the image you want to assign the keyword
  • Under the library option you will see keyword Panel
  • Inside the keyword panel you can enter the name you want to assign to selected photos
How you can analyze the color tone in light room?

On the top right hand corner of the library there you can see a histogram. This histogram gives you a fair idea about your image appearance whether it is blown out or suave.

How to take back-up of photographs in light room?

To take the back up of your photograph you have to

  • Go to EditàCatalog setting (windows) or Light room à Catalog Setting (Mac)
  • Click the general tab
  • Look for the back-up section
  • Look for the back-up catalog menu and select every time lightroom exits
Where you will find the back-up in light room?

When you install lightroom, the program makes a folder “Lightroom”.  This folder contains

  • lightroom catalog
  • Files related to the catalog
  • A folder named Backups for Lightroom backups
With filter options in library what all things you can sort and search in lightroom?

With the use of filter options you can sort and search various options like

  • File type ( JPG, DNG, RAW etc.)
  • Lens Model
  • Camera Model
  • Lens focal length
  • Aperture, ISO
  • Keywords
  • Flash state
  • Flag status
  • Virtual copies and many more
How you can sync edits for multiple images in lightroom?

Once you have edited the image and you want the same changes in other images as well you can use the function “Sync” at the bottom of the develop panel.

In synchronize setting what you should not sync?

While using “Sync” function you must not check the check box for “Brush” option in synchronize settings, as it may distort the image appearance. Even if the image is almost similar never check mark to this option.

What is the file extension for Adobe After Effects projects?

The file extension for, Adobe After effects project is .aep.

What is the function of key frames in After Effects?

The function of the key frames is to set parameters for audio, motion, visual effects and many other properties for any image or object by changing them over time.  After effects is mostly used for animation purpose, and by setting key frames and after effects properties, they can move the image as if they are a video.

What is CTI and what is the function of CTI?

CTI stands for Current Time Indicator, and it controls the time line of the footage in the composition panel. With the help of CTI you can move the footage backward or forward.

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How can you reach the exact spot of the footage?

To get into the exact spot of footage, in the control panel below the composition screen there is a tab showing time. On double clicking the tab, it will open a window where you can adjust the time and you can reach to the exact spot of the footage.

What is the key that will help you to know, how much area will cut out from the footage?

While you are on the composition panel, by pressing apostrophe (!) key will show you the area that will cut out from the footage.

What is the function of scale? What are the control keys in the tool bar?

It makes your picture or object, grow or shrink. Once the picture is selected, you will see a scale menu in the composition panel. Click on the tab infront of the “scale” bar known as stop watch, and the picture is ready to grow or shrink.  To control the size of the picture, on the right hand side of the “Scale bar” you will see a number, increasing and decreasing those, number you can grow and shrink the size of the picture.

How you can delete the previous time frame from the time frame panel?

The time frame will be indicated with a yellow dot, by clicking on that yellow button and then pressing the delete button, you can delete the previous time frame.

How you can rotate your picture?

In the composition panel, select rotation option by pressing ‘r’ on your keyboard. Now on the right hand side you will see numbers, which show how much degree you want to rotate the picture. You can rotate the picture by increasing and decreasing those numbers.

What is the different axis you can rotate?

There are three axis x, y and z that your picture can rotate and to select the axis, you have to click on the right side of one of the three boxes that resides right below the “Tool bar”. The “Tool bar” is between the “Source Name” bar and “Parent” bar in the composition panel.

What is ‘ease in’ and ‘ease out’ in after effects?

Slowing down the speed of your moving picture is known as ‘ease in’ while to bring it back to its original speed is known as ‘ease out’.

What is graph editor?

Graph editor can help you to change the rotation speed and the degree of rotation. It is in the corner of the composition panel on the right hand side.

What is motion sketch?

Motion sketch is a path you want your object and picture to drop or move.  For motion sketch, click on the window tab in menu bar and select Motion Sketch option from the window bar.  Now you can draw the path and make your image move accordingly.

What is the function of split layer?

In edit bar, if you select split option you can split your video clip into two sections or layer. So, when you want to do animation separately for each layer or each video clip you have separated, you can do it by using split layer option.

What is the function of blending mode?

When you press F4 , “Mode” option will appear in the composition panel. When you click on the mode option, it will come with a list of option like color, multiply, darker, hard light, overlay etc. By using this option you can not only change the appearance of image but also can blend or overlap two images on each other and make it appear as single image.

What is a mask in after effects and what is the short key to select the image?

The mask is the technique by which you can select the specific area within the image or picture you want to modify while leaving the rest of the image steady, the short key to select image in mask is Ctrl+T.

Active Directory Interview Questions and Answers

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Active Directory Interview Questions
Active Directory interview questions and answers most asked at top companies. These Active Directory questions are for both experienced & fresher candidates.

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Active Directory Interview Questions and Answers

What is Active Directory?

An active directory is a directory structure used on Microsoft Windows based servers and computers to store data and information about networks and domains.

What are the new features in Active Directory (AD) of Windows server 2012?
  • dcpromo (Domain Controller Promoter) with improved wizard: It allows you to view all the steps and review the detailed results during the installation process
  • Enhanced Administrative Center: Compared to the earlier version of active directory, the administrative center is well designed in Windows 2012. The exchange management console is well designed
  • Recycle bin goes GUI: In windows server 12, there are now many ways to enable the active directory recycle bin through the GUI in the Active Directory Administrative Center, which was not possible with the earlier version
  • Fine grained password policies (FGPP): In windows server 12 implementing FGPP is much easier compared to an earlier  It allows you to create different password policies in the same domain
  • Windows Power Shell History Viewer: You can view the Windows PowerShell commands that relates to the actions you execute in the Active Directory Administrative Center UI
Which is the default protocol used in directory services?

The default protocol used in directory services is LDAP ( Lightweight Directory Access Protocol).

Explain the term FOREST in AD?

Forest is used to define an assembly of AD domains that share a single schema for the AD.  All DC’s in the forest share this schema and is replicated in a hierarchical fashion among them.

What is SYSVOL?

The SysVOL folder keeps the server’s copy of the domain’s public files.  The contents such as users, group policy, etc. of the sysvol folders are replicated to all domain controllers in the domain.

What is the difference between domain admin groups and enterprise admins group in AD?
 Enterprise Admin Group              Domain Admin Group
  • Members of this group have complete control of all domains in the forest
  • By default, this group belongs to the administrators group on all domain controllers in the forest
  • As such this group has full control of the forest, add users with caution
  •  Members of this group have complete control of the domain
  • By default, this group is a member of the administrators group on all domain controllers, workstations and member servers at the time they are linked to the domain
  • As such the group has full control in the domain, add users with caution
What system state data contains?

System state data contains

  • Contains startup files
  • Registry
  • Com + Registration Database
  • Memory page file
  • System files
  • AD information
  • SYSVOL Folder
  • Cluster service information
What is Kerberos?

Kerberos is an authentication protocol for network.  It is built to offer strong authentication for server/client applications by using secret-key cryptography.

Where does the AD database is held? What other folders are related to AD?

AD database is saved in %systemroot%/ntds. In the same folder, you can also see other files; these are the main files controlling the AD structures they are

  • dit
  • log
  • res 1.log
  • log
  • chk
What is PDC emulator and how would one know whether PDC emulator is working or not?

PDC Emulators: There is one PDC emulator per domain, and when there is a failed authentication attempt, it is forwarded to PDC emulator.  It acts as a “tie-breaker” and it controls the time sync across the domain.

These are the parameters through which we can know whether PDC emulator is working or not.

  • Time is not syncing
  • User’s accounts are not locked out
  • Windows NT BDCs are not getting updates
  • If pre-windows 2000 computers are unable to change their passwords
What are lingering objects?

Lingering objects can exists if a domain controller does not replicate for an interval of time that is longer than the tombstone lifetime (TSL).

What is TOMBSTONE lifetime?

Tombstone lifetime in an Active Directory determines how long a deleted object is retained in Active Directory.  The deleted objects in Active Directory is stored in a special object referred as TOMBSTONE.  Usually, windows will use a 60- day tombstone lifetime if time is not set in the forest configuration.

What is Active Directory Schema?

Schema is an active directory component describes all the attributes and objects that the directory service uses to store data.

What is a child DC?

CDC or child DC is a sub domain controller under root domain controller which share name space

What is RID Master?

RID master stands for Relative Identifier for assigning unique IDs to the object created in AD.

What are the components of AD?

Components of AD includes

  • Logical Structure: Trees, Forest, Domains and OU
  • Physical Structures: Domain controller and Sites
What is Infrastructure Master?

Infrastructure Master is accountable for updating information about the user and group and global catalogue.

Accounting Interview Questions and Answers

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Accounting Interview Questions
Accounting interview questions and answers most asked at top companies. These Accounting questions are for both experienced & fresher candidates.

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Accounting Interview Questions and Answers

Define Accounting?

The art of recording, classifying and summarizing in a significant manner and in terms of money, transactions and events which are, in part at least of a financial character and interpreting the results there of.

Why did you select accounting as your profession?

Well, I was quite good in accounting throughout but in my masters, when I got distinction I decided to adopt this field as a profession.

Do you have any professional experience of this field?

Yes, I have worked as an accountant at two different places.

Did you use accounting applications at your previous companies or prefer working manually?

Yes, I have used Advanced Business Solutions and AME Accounting Software in my previous jobs.

Can you name any other accounting application?

Yes, I am familiar with CGram Software, Financial Force, Microsoft Accounting Professional, Microsoft Dynamics AX and Microsoft Small Business Financials.

Which accounting application you prefer most and why? Experienced

I think all are good though but Microsoft Accounting Professional is best because it offers reliable and fast processing of accounting transactions that saves time and increases proficiency.

What is the abbreviation for the accounting terms debit and credit?

Debit abbreviation is “dr” and credit abbreviation is “cr”.

How many types of business transactions are there in accounting?

There are two types of transactions in accounting i.e. revenue and capital.

What is balance sheet? Freshers

It is a statement that states all the liabilities and assets of the company at certain point.

Have you ever heard about TDS, what it is?

Yes, TDS abbreviates Tax Deduction at Source.

In balance sheet, where do you show TDS?

It is shown on the assets section, right after the head current asset.

Do you have any idea about Service Tax or Excise?

It is a kind of hidden tax that is included in the service provided by the service provider and paid by the service receiver.

Do you think there is any difference between inactive and dormant accounts?

Yes, both are different terms in accounting. Inactive accounts means that accounts have been closed and will not be used in future as well. While, dormant accounts are those that are not functional today but may be used in future.

What is tally accounting?

It is the software used for accounting in small business and shops for managing routine accounting transactions.

How can you define departmental accounting?

It is a type of accounting in which separate account is created for departments. It is managed separately as well as shown independently in the balance sheet.

Define fictitious assets? Experienced

These are the assets that cannot be shown or touch. Fictitious assets can only be felt such as good will, rights etc.

By saying, perpetual or periodic inventory system; what do we mean?

In the first one i.e. the perpetual inventory system, the accounts are adjusted on continual basis. In the periodic inventory system, the accounts are adjusted periodically.

In accounting, how do you define premises?

Premises refer to fixed assets that are shown in the balance sheet.

In accounting, VAT abbreviates what?

VAT means Value Added Tax.

Do you possess any knowledge about accounting standards?

Yes, as per my knowledge there are total 33 accounting standards published so far by ICAI. The purpose of these standards is to implement same policies and practices in any country.

What is ICAI?

It is the abbreviation of Institute of Chartered Accountants in India.

How can you explain the basic accounting equation?

We know that accounting is all about assets, liabilities and capital. Therefore, the accounting equation is:

Assets = Liabilities + Owners Equity.

Define Executive accounting? Freshers

It is a type of accounting that is specifically designed for the business that offers services to users.

Accounting Interview Questions and Answers PDF

Define Public accounting?

Public accounting offers audits and CPAs to review company financial records to ensure accountability. It is for general public.

What is a CPA?

CPA stands for Certified Public Accountant. To become a CPA, one should have to do many other qualifications as well. It is a qualification with 150 hour requirement; it means that one should complete 150 credit hours at any accredited university.

What do you think is bank reconciliation statement?

A reconciliation statement is prepared when the passbook balance differs from the cashbook balance.

Differentiate Public and Private Accounting?

Public accounting is a type of accounting that is done by one company for another company. Private accounting is done for your own company.

What is project implementation?

Project implementation involves six steps in total such as:

• Identify Need
• Generate and Screen Ideas
• Conduct Feasible Study
• Develop the Project
• Implement the Project
• Control the Project

Do you think Accounting Standards are mandatory and why?

Yes, I do believe that accounting standards play a very important role to prepare good quality and accurate financial reports. It ensures reliability and relevance in financial reports.

Can you name different branches of accounting?

There are three branches of accounting named as “Financial Accounting”, “Management Accounting” and “Cost Accounting”.

Differentiate Accounting and Auditing?

Accounting is all about recording daily business activities while auditing is the checking that whether all these events have been noted down correctly or not.

Define dual aspect term in accounting? Experienced

As the name implies, the dual aspect concept states that every transaction has two sides. For example, when you buy something, you give the cash and get the thing. Similarly, when you sale something, you lose the thing and gets the money. So this getting and losing is basically two aspects of every transaction.

What do we mean by purchase return in accounting?

It is the term introduced in the records for every defective or unsatisfactory good returned back to its supplier.

Define the term material facts in accounting?

Material facts are the bills or any document that becomes the base of every account book. It means that all those documents, on which account book is prepared, are called material facts.

Have you ever prepared MIS reports and what are these?

Yes, I have prepared few MIS reports during my previous jobs. MIS reports are created to identify the efficiency of any department of a company.

Define company’s payable cycle?

It is the time required by the company to pay all its account payables.

Define retail banking?

It is a type of banking that involves a retail client. These clients are the normal people and not any organizational customers.

How much mathematics knowledge is necessary or required in accounting? Freshers

Not much knowledge but basic mathematical background is required in accounting for operations like addition, subtraction, multiplication and division.

Define bills receivable?

All types of exchange bills, bonds and other securities owned by a merchant that is payable to him are said as bills receivable.

Define depreciation and its types?

By depreciation we mean that a value of an asset is decreasing as it is in use. It has two types such as “Straight Line Method” and “Written Down Value Method”.

Accounting Interview Questions PDF

Differentiate between consignor and consignee?

Consigner is the owner of the goods or you can say he is the person who delivers the goods to the consignee. The consignee is the person who receives the goods.

Define balancing in accounting?

Balancing means to equate both sides of the T-account i.e. the debit and credit sides of a T-account must be equal/balanced.

How much statistics knowledge is necessary or required in accounting?

You must be very good at statistics if you want to do well in accounting. Otherwise, with minimum knowledge you cannot manage your day to day transactions effectively in accounting.

Define Scrap value in accounting?

It is the residual value of an asset. The residual value is the value that any asset holds after its estimated life time.

Define Marginal Cost?

Suppose you have to produce an additional unit of output. The estimated cost of additional inputs to produce that output is actually the marginal cost.

Define Partitioning in accounting? Experienced

It is a kind of groups made on the basis of same responses by a system.

Differentiate between provision and reserve?

Provisions are the liabilities or the anticipated items such as depreciation. You can say provisions are expenses. Reserves are the profits of any company and a part of that profit is placed back to the business to keep it sustainable in tough times of a company.

Define Offset accounting?

Offset accounting is one that decreases the net amount of another account to create a net balance.

Define overhead in terms of accounting?

It is the indirect expenditure of a company such as salaries, rent dues etc.

Define trade bills?

We know that all types of transactions need to be documented. The trade bills are the documents, generated against each transaction.

Define fair value accounting?

As per fair value accounting, a company has to show the value of all of its assets in terms of price on balance sheet on which that asset can be sold.

What is the difference of Cost Accounting and Financial Accounting?

Financial accounting encompasses all account presented on the face of the financial statement, its presentation, recognition, measurement and disclosures. Where as cost accounting is only focused on the cost of inventory.

Explain Accounting 101?

Typically, it involves the theory of credit and debit, balance sheets, income statements, controlling accounting accounts, subsidiary ledgers, work sheets, depreciation methods, and financial accounting theory.

What are the basic assumptions in accounting?

Economic Entity Assumption

Going Concern Assumption

Monetary Unit

Periodicity Assumption

What is customer account? Freshers

Debtors account and bills receivable account are theoretically same. Both are called as receivables. When we sold goods to debtors account is debited. If we receive a bill from that debtor, we open bills receivable account by closing that debtor account. Thus, bills receivable account is nothing but debtor account. If the bill is dis-honored on the due date, we again debit the debtor account in our books. For information and accounting purpose, we use both debtor account and bills receivable account.

What is the Provision? What is the Entry for Provision?

Provision means liabilities it means payable account A it?s an very useful for controlling payable accounts like telephone charges, ESIC accounts, EPF accounts, A EPF payable accounts Dr to EPF accounts ESIC payable accounts Dr to ESIC account.

Provision Account is Prepared for fixed future liabilities. In every organisation there is limited source of capital and can not able to pay hues certain. so every organisation transfer some amount to provision account. which any business concern use any time when they relies. exp. depreciation Account, Reserve & surplus Account

Why are accounting firms needed?

Accounting firms come in handy for many reasons. Some of the smaller ones: Businesses will use them to calculate payroll and the accounting firm will calculate the amount of taxes taken out.

Ab Initio Interview Questions and Answers

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Ab Initio Interview Questions
Ab Initio interview questions and answers most asked at top companies. These Ab Initio questions are for both experienced & fresher candidates.

List of Questions

#Ab Initio Interview Questions and Answers

Ab Initio Interview Questions and Answers

What does dependency analysis mean in Ab Initio?

In Ab Initio, Dependency analysis will answer the questions regarding datalinage. That is where does the data come from,what applications produce and depend on this data etc.

We can retrieve the maximum (surrogate key) from the existing data,the by using scan or next_in_sequence/reformat we can generate further sequence for new records.

What methods exist for performance tuning?

The best way would be to perform join at the database, the classical way is when we have two tables that we can bring together by making placing a join component between them. Alternately we can write a query to make the join at the level of a database. The advantage is that only one hit is sent to the database instead of two (the classical method). This makes a real difference in improving performance.

What means writing of wrapper?

Writing of a wrapper will help us run sequential running of two graphs, for instance in order to do this the user must use that feed that was generated by the first graph into the next graph, and for multiple use into the next graph and so on.

What is the reason for using parameterized graphs?

Their role is seen when we are trying to use the same graph many times for various files, in this way we must set parameters for the graph, which get replaced anyway during run. So we can keep one graph version for different files and not different versions.

Explain the difference between the truncate and delete commands? Ab Initio Interview Questions and Answers

It is a DDL command, used to delete tables or clusters. Since it is a DDL command hence it is auto commit and Rollback can’t be performed. It is faster than delete.

It is DML command, generally used to delete a record, clusters or tables. Rollback command can be performed , in order to retrieve the earlier deleted things. To make deleted things permanently, “commit” command should be used.

What is the difference between rollup and scan?

By using rollup we cant generate cumulative summary records for that we will be using scan.

How can i run the 2 GUI merge files?

Do you mean by merging Gui map files in WR.If so, by merging GUI map files in GUI map editor it wont create corresponding test script.without test script you cant run a file.So it is impossible to run a file by merging 2 GUI map files.

What is API mode versus the utility mode?

Both API and utility modes are used as connection interfaces to the databases for the purpose of performing specific tasks required by the user. They allows us to easily access different functions that the vendor put for use. The role of each function is related to the nature of the databases. The difference between the two modes is that API is known to be slower but offers a higher range of flexibility than the utility mode. Also API is considered to be a more diagnostic feature.

What is the reason for a database to contain stored procedures?

The main reason is network traffic reduction. Because stored procedures are precompiled SQL blocks, the time of execution can be reduced. In this way the application performance is higher, being stored in the database the procedure will be called by the application and execute faster than in the case is not already compiled. They also provide reusability for different other applications.

What difference does exist between Checkpoint and Phase?

What phasing does is deleting the intermediate (temporary) files before a new phase begins which is different from checkpointing. The checkpoints keep the temporary files until we finish the graph, so in case of failing we can restore the last good process. The phase doesn’t have this advantage.

What role has the XFR function?

The purpose of this function is usually to store mappings and this is very useful because the rewriting of code takes time and the XFR spares us of this effort.

What possible errors we can receive from a graph execution?

The compilation errors in Ab Inition can appear when for example the output DML is not as the input DML.

What is the purpose of ramp limit?

The limit parameter is representing how much reject events exist and is an integer, while the limit parameter is the rate of reject events that the records processed has, it is a real number.

What is the role of a driving port?

Driving port is usually meant for graph performance enhancement.

What can we say about partitioning with key and round robin?

The partitioning with key (also called hash partition) is partitioning method used when we have diverse keys. The technique is used basically in the processing of parallel data. On the other hand round robin partitioning is a technique that allows us to distribute the data on every destination partition uniformly. While in the case of partitioning with key we can have large data skew due to large key volume, in the case of using round robin partitioning the skew is zero.

What is the definition of a multistage component?

It is a transform component in which we find different packages.

What are the supported layouts in Ab Initio?

In Ab Initio, the supported layouts are the serial and the parallel and a graph can include them both. The parallel layouts is related to the parallelism degree.

What can we say about the Scan component versus a RollUp component?

Scan components make a total series of records while RollUp components summarize groups of data records.

What is the meaning of a DB config versus a CFG file? Ab Initio Interview Questions and Answers

The similarity between these two types is that they are both used for database connectivity. The difference is the usage in Informix Database of the CFG file type and the DB config files are used in SQL Server or Oracle.

How the term Standard Environment can be explained?

The Standard Environment is the type of environment with more than one project that is private and another public one.

How much memory do we need for a graph?

Some calculations lead to approximately eight MB plus the MAX_CORE and the phase file size.

What is the meaning of EME?

As the initials for Enterprise Meta Environment EME is a data repository or a version controller in AB Inition. It is capable of doing a lock and keeps track of graphs or other objects.

What meaning has lock in Ab Initio?

A graph must be locked in order to give permission only to the developer for editing it or the objects that belong to the graph. When other users try to lock the graph they will be warned on the monitor that another user has already made a lock. This is a protection mechanism for developers.

Can a graph be infinitely run? If yes, how? Ab Initio Interview Questions and Answers

Yes it can, by calling the .ksh file in the end of the script.

What is the component that can be used to lower a file in size?

The components that can be used are Deflate and Compress.

Ableton Interview Questions and Answers

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Ableton Interview Questions

Ableton interview questions and answers most asked at top companies. These Ableton questions are for both experienced & fresher candidates.

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#Ableton Interview Questions and Answers

Ableton Interview Questions and Answers

What is Ableton?

Ableton is a company that design and distributes the production and performance program and a library of related instruments and sample libraries.

What is the depth?

Depth is defined as being how far or close away a sound appears to be from the position of the listener.

List the tools used to control depth?

To control depth you have to use tools

  • Reverbs
  • Delays
What is the use of the bell pole?

By changing the bell pole, you can create resonance and automate the frequency of the sound, especially in the bass.

What is MIDI in Ableton?

MIDI is data that dictates the live’s built-in instruments what notes to play, how loud and when to play.  Live’s MIDI instrument turn this data into sound.

What is the short-cut to playback from current position?

The short-cut to playback from current position is SHIFT+TAB

What is Ableton’s Scale feature is used for?

Ableton’s Scale feature is used for powerful MIDI effect which allows you to constrain every note on your keyboard to a specified scale.

What is MIDI mapping in Ableton?

Midi mapping is a function in Ableton live which enables the user to assign a midi controller to certain functions and parameters in the live window.  Midi mapping gives much more control and interactivity to a set, enabling users to interact with the crowd and perform better. Through Midi controller, starting sessions, launching clips and using effects you can control the whole of Ableton live.

How can you assign a midi controller to a parameter in live?

To allocate a midi controller to a parameter in live, you have to click on the parameter you want to allocate and then move the button, knob, key or fader on the midi controller.

What is the shortcut for creating a new MIDI track in Ableton?

The short-cut for new MIDI track in Ableton is (Shift+Cntrl/ CMD+T).

How can you send a MIDI message to software?

To send a MIDI message to software, MIDI port is used, it allows the communication between the Automap Server and any software that enables MIDI inputs and outputs.  You have to select this as the input and output port if you want to send MIDI message to a DAW or plugin within a DAW.

Explain “side chain compression” in Ableton live?

Side-chain compression is basically using another signal to engage a compressor to attenuate the signal (bass) you are compressing.  Typically you are trying to do that with a kick drum.  It allows you to have two signals compete for the same frequency range.  On doing so, it will feel that beats are glued with each other overall mix sound nice.

How can you export audio into the Ableton live using arrangement view?

To export audio in Ableton live you have to use session and arrangement view, from which you can export audio.

To export audio from arrangement view, you have to follow the following steps:

  • Drag the loop start and loop end so the loop spans the whole length of the song including all effect tails to be exported. Make sure the loop is selected
  • Ensure that no tracks are muted that you want to include, and no tracks are soloed
  • From the file, menu selects the option “Export Audio/Video” or use the shortcut Shift+Ctrl+R (Windows) or Shift+Cmd+R (Mac)
  • Select your preferred rendering options and then click OK
  • You can now select the location to which the audio files will be saved.
How can you edit or change the velocity for a MIDI note?

To edit or change the velocity for a MIDI note, select and drag the associated marker in the velocity editor or either by holding Alt tab while clicking on the note.

How can you do bass-ducking in Ableton Live?

Bass ducking is simply a side chaining term denoted to ducking your bass sound under your kick drum, so they don’t collide with each other.

  • Step 1: Instrument rack setting
  • Step 2: Split your bass into low and high-frequency bands
  • Step 3: Add a compressor to your low band and setup side chain routing
List out some tips to enhance Ableton live synth parts?

To enhance the Ableton live synth parts you have to follow the following tips

  • Use filters
  • Make your own arpeggios – live arpeggios midi effect device has a lot of controls
  • Once you have created your instrument rack, unfold the chain list to see every instrument in the rack
  • Use delays and reverbs
  • Create a new sound and then load it into simpler, and play it out of its original range
What is the use of Ableton’s gate?

Ableton’s gate cuts out extra sound above a level that is set by you; only the loudest sounds get through.  It is used to eliminate the background noise which occurs between sounds on live recording.

What is the role of limiter in Ableton?

Limiter ensures that the output does not exceed a specific level. It is used in the master track to prevent clipping.

What all things you can do with the Abletons Impulse device?

With Ableton’s impulse device, you can

  • Control all drum pads with the same pitch
  • Set velocity to change the pitch
  • Re-shape each pad’s sound in either direction for longer or shorter sounds
How can you make a Gate Synth in Ableton live?

To create a gate synth in Ableton live, you have to follow the following steps

  • Create channels and devices:- we need a gate trigger sidechain channel, it will send the signal in our gate synth
  • Make a synth with long sustained notes:- On a different MIDI channel makes an instrument. The note length needs to be long because if it is short the gate won’t do anything
  • Create gate effect with a gate device:- Set the audio from the gate trigger channel or the channel that you use for gate triggering.
  • Make some effects:- After everything is done add some effects to spice things up